Most of these convictions were later overturned through the help of DNA testing. The second is his age. Memory does not last for years and still be as vivid as the time when the event was first seen.
One of them is the time the event is stored in the memory until the time it is retrieved. A recent study conducted by psychological eye witness expert Gary L. The knowledge of the fallibility and malleability of eyewitness testimony provides the readers with useful insights as we are prone to believe anything that another person tells us.
In our example, conditions such as the time of the day the event happened, the distance of the perceiver from the object of the perception, the relative speed of the happening of the sequence of events.
If we do not know them we may Identify their face as one that resembles one that we do know e. All these pieces of evidence point to the reality that despite our overconfidence in human memory, human memory is weak and could be affected and influenced by external factors and factors peculiar to the perceiver.
Such pictures are based on individual features more than the configuration of them, this could hinder the accuracy of identification of the criminal. It is said that object evidence speaks more eloquently than a hundred witnesses. The retention stage refers to the period of time between the acquisition and the retrieval stage.
Federal Courts Law Review. Jurors must therefore be cautious in making use of eyewitness testimony in convicting the accused on the sole basis of an eyewitness testimony. The account of the eyewitness must actually coincide with the other pieces of evidence presented in court.
Human memory does not capture everything on tape.
If it was at nighttime the jury must consider whether there was proper lighting condition within the vicinity for the witness to see the two accused.
Fairness demands that the suspects must at least be of the same height, skin color, and clothing. In this procedure, the witness almost always makes the choice as to who among the suspects appearing before her is the most likely culprit, to the point of comparing which among the persons in the lineup is the most likely suspect instead of making a genuine recollection of the event.
Retrieved January 9, from: These rules are sufficient safeguards that ensures that that testimony Aside from the procedural safeguards, Psychologists have also provided us with sufficient psychological safeguards to avoid the possibility of error in the testimony of eyewitnesses.
Retrieved on January 7, from: Get Access Discuss Factors Affecting the Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony Essay Sample There are factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony such as emotions, fundamental attribution bias, face recognition in other races, leading questions and many more.
Our memory is shaped by our own beliefs of what has happened in the past which may not be an accurate depiction of events. It is still reliable in some instances such as when the witness knows the suspect or he has previously seen the suspect.
It is because of the confidence malleability doctrine that it is suggested that the administrator of the police line-up must have no knowledge of who the actual suspect is and who are the mere fillers. This shows that the language used affected our memory and conjures up a set of expectations about the object — schemas.
Cross-examination of witnesses serves to check the accuracy of the recollection of the witness thus reducing the possibility of error. Recent studies have shown that the witness has greater possibility of making false identification when all suspects are presented simultaneously at the same time.
The police have their suspects but they have no witnesses. This is because of the way we perceive things. In this procedure, the testimony is more reliable because he is more likely to test his recollection on the basis of what is in his memory and not among the suspects who are in front of him.
An example of this is when the lone witness watches the news on the television and the possible suspects are shown on television. Police line-ups therefore are crucial because of the possibility that the accused may be deprived of his liberty. The manner of the presentation of the suspects in the police lineup also affects the retention of the memory of the eyewitness.
Memory does not record as clearly and vividly as that of the recorder. Research has shown that initial comprehension and storage are affected.
This period of time may be as short as a few days to as long as several years. Wrongful conviction may result even if the witness was unaware of it.Eyewitness testimony is defined as, “an area of research that investigates the accuracy of memory following an accident, crime, or other significant event, and the types of errors that are commonly made in such situations.” Much emphasis is placed on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony as often.
There are many factors that need to be considered when assessing the accuracy of ones eyewitness testimony those factors are: characteristics of the witness, characteristics of the witnessed event, characteristics of testimony, lineup content, lineup instructions, and methods of testing.
Discuss factors affecting the accuracy of eyewitness testimony. There are factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony such as emotions, fundamental attribution bias, face recognition in other races, leading questions and many more.
eyewitness testimony Essay different reasons. Assess The Reliability And Accuracy Of Eyewitness Testimony Psychology Essay. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: investigated the factors that contribute to perceived testimony accuracy.
They suggest that inconsistent statements of witnesses from one interview to the next lead potential jurors to believe that the testimony is inaccurate. Discuss Factors Affecting the Accuracy of Eyewitness Testimony Essay Sample. There are factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony such as emotions, fundamental attribution bias, face recognition in other races, leading questions and many more.
Eyewitness testimony is the research that studies the accuracy of memory after an incident or significant event has taken place. The area is interested in the way schemas and reconstructive memory work, and how the mind unconsciously fills in blanks over details that we are unsure of.Download