When used without qualification, the term is applied usually to human anatomy. The term transverse means at a right angle to the longitudinal axis of a structure. Many a student first realizes its importance only when brought to the bedside or the operating table of his patient, when the first thing he is faced with is the last and least he has considered.
In the upper limb radial means lateral and ulnar means medial: The word is derived indirectly from the Greek anatome, a term built from ana, meaning "up," and tome, meaning "a cutting" compare the words tome, microtome, and epitome. Internal and external mean, respectively, nearer to and farther from the center of an organ or a cavity.
Radiological studies facilitate achievement of "an understanding of the fluid character of anatomy and physiology of the living" A. The suffix "-ad" is sometimes added to a positional term to indicate the idea of motion. Anatomy "is to physiology as geography is to history" Femel ; that is, it provides the setting for the events.
Photographs and radiograms of anatomical sections. In relation to the size of the parts studied, anatomy is usually divided into 1 macroscopic or gross anatomy, and 2 microscopic anatomy or histology now used synonymously. International agreement has been reached on an English and Latin nomenclature, the Terminologia Anatomica.
In this work we will use technical terms of position and direction. A plane transverse to the big toe would be coronal. These terms are free of ambiguity only if they are used in reference to the anatomical position.
Posterior or dorsal means nearer the back. Terms of position and direction fig. In the upper limb the term palmar formerly volar means anterior.
Applied anatomy Abrahams, P. Moreover, by means of surface and radiological anatomy, emphasis should be placed on the anatomy of the living body.
Thus, in the anatomical position, the thumb is lateral to the little finger, whereas the big toe is medial to the little toe.
Thus, a transverse section through an artery is not necessarily horizontal.Study Flashcards On Anatomy & Physiology Exam 1 (Ch.
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BSC Chapters Study Guide Chapter 1 – Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology 1) What is anatomy and what is physiology and how are they related? a) Anatomy is the study of internal and external structures of the body and the physical relationships among body parts.
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