Participants will not answer certain items on a questionnaire, perhaps because they were tired, perhaps they did not want to answer, or maybe they did not see the item.
Note on the Excel image above that at least 6 participants did not indicate their gender. For some binary variables, one category more naturally should be coded as one. If you are a new researcher, it might be helpful to get a blank questionnaire and write the code for each response so you do not forget what code you assigned to each response.
Because these codes are not written on the questionnaire itself, it is best to make a sheet that reminds you of the codes given to each response for future reference.
Bureau of Labor Statistics.
The easiest way to handle items that were skipped on the questionnaire is to simply discard the item for that particular participant.
To help double-check your work, after you have entered the data in the computer, ask a peer read out the responses to each questionnaire as you check the entry in the computer Tips for Coding Data As previously stated, this step is called coding the data because each response is given a number or letter code and then entered into the computer.
I recommend starting with a letter that somehow represents the questionnaire or the sample, perhaps "L" for Literacy, and then 3 numbers, starting with, Flipping the categories e. Below are some tips that can help you determine which code to give for which response.
For other items, they might have circled two responses such as Strongly Agree and Disagree. For example, below is the first completed questionnaire. The research question was as follows: Because you will not be entering in the entire response of every participant, this process is called Coding the Data because each response is given a code.
After conducting an interview with a manager, she asks for the names of other managers that use virtual teams. In most cases, I recommend the second option where the participant is included in the analyses for English, Maths, and Social Studies.
This would be impossible unless the questionnaires were numbered. Can we conclude that the time people live in Sycamore is significantly more than the national average? When it comes to responses to Likert-Scale items, enter the number of their response: The researcher now has three options: Click here to see ALL problems on test Question For example, if a participant did not indicate their gender, I will type Z.
If a participant does not complete a phase of the study, they generally are discarded from the entire study. These are items that actually say the opposite of what was intended.
Economic status was categorized as follows: I typically enter Z for missing items because z is rarely coded for any other response. Two of the options might be Primary and Post-Graduate.
For example, you might not be able to read the numbers they wrote for their age. There were four packaging sizes: When doing data entry, take each questionnaire and enter the correct code for the response given to each item.
Notice the top row has bolded identifiers for each item in the questionnaire: See below for an example of the correct codes when reversing items. Therefore, you can easily enter a or b instead of typing out "male" and "female. If this is the case, since it is not clear what the correct answer is, it is typically best to enter that item as missing, Z.
For example, consider an item that asks participants to indicate their level of education completed.
The mean of a zero-one variable represents the proportion in the category represented by the value one e. Determine which level of measurement— nominal, ordinal, interval, or ratio—is used in the followi A sample of families in the Sycamore, OK area shows the mean time living in a single family residence is With this same data set, coding gender as (1=m,2=f) means that females make $70, while males make $60, meaning that females make only about % more than males.
2. gender (edit: male is 1, female is coded as 2) 3. field of study (edit: 11 total fields, I simply used existing dept designations, for example 11. That is a good point and it works perfectly if gender is coded as 1 for males and 2 for females (as I state in my example above), but it's not clear that is the case for the original question asker, Southern Soul.
Here is the coded data for the questionnaire given above. Notice the top row has bolded identifiers for each item in the questionnaire: S/No is the Serial Number written on the questionnaire itself, Gend is gender (item 1), Age (item 2), SchTeach is the type of school taught at (item 3), etc. • On a questionnaire which asks for gender, males are coded as 1 and females are coded as 2.
INTERVAL • Respondents are asked to rate a list of high-tech companies as excellent, good, fair, or poor in terms of their service delivery. A. to determine the number of males and females buying Nike or Reebok shoes.
B. to determine the number of males and females voting democrat, republican, or independent. C. to determine the number of males and females included in the sample.Download